A systematic review of 10 years of augmented reality usability studies: 2005 to 2014.
291 papers with 369 individual user studies were reviewed and classified.
Whilst early AR research was primarily based on head mounted displays (HMDs) it quickly shifted to handheld devices. Studies were largely formal, with little field testing, and even fewer heuristic evaluations. Over the years there was an increase in the number of educational applications, but still few collaborative user studies at this time.
The number of user studies were less than 10% over the entire period, despite an increase in the number of AR studies overall. The number of AR studies published in 2014 was 5 times that published in 2005. The majority of papers were in controlled laboratory environments and focused on visual augmentation, rather than haptic, or audio enhancement. Study participants were also largely young, male University students.
The researchers recommend more diverse study methods and participants.
They also noted that the social impact of indoor and outdoor experiences vary significantly and more outdoor studies are required, especially ethnographic observational studies that report on how people naturally use AR.
Dey, A., Billinghurst, M., Lindeman, R.W. and Swan, J., 2018. A systematic review of 10 years of augmented reality usability studies: 2005 to 2014. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 5, p.37.
The USW Audience of the Future research team is compiling a summary collection of recent research in the field of immersive, and enhanced reality media